Naval Group Delivers FREMM Frigate Lorraine To France’s Defence Procurement Agency
Naval Group handed over Lorraine (D657) for the French Navy – to France’s defence procurement company Course générale de l’armement (DGA) throughout a ceremony on the French naval base in Toulon on 16 November. Lorraine (D657) is an Aquitaine-class frigate of the French Navy which have been developed by means of the FREMM multipurpose frigate program. She is the second of two air-defence variants of the category generally known as FREMM DA (Frégate Européenne Multimissions de Défense Aérienne) in this system. Formally laid down in 2019, the frigate Lorraine was launched on the Lorient shipyard on 13 November 2020. She started sea trials in February 2022 and was delivered to the French Navy on 16 November 2022. In late 2022 she started a interval of testing and workout routines previous to being accepted into full operational service.
The FREMM (French: Frégate Européenne Multi-Mission; Italian: Fregata Europea Multi-Missione), which stands for “European multi-purpose frigate”, is a Franco-Italian household of multi-purpose frigates designed by Naval Group and Fincantieri. In France, this floor combatant is named the “Aquitaine class”, whereas in Italy it is named the “Bergamini class. The lead ship of the category, Aquitaine, was commissioned in November 2012 by the French Navy. Italy has ordered six basic objective and 4 anti-submarine variants. France, alternatively, has ordered six anti-submarine variants and two air-defense ones. The FREMM has additionally been exported to numerous international locations. Notably, america Navy chosen a FREMM variant for his or her new Constellation class of 20 frigates, to be constructed by Fincantieri, beginning with a $795 million contract for the lead ship.
Unique plans have been for 17 FREMM to exchange the 9 D’Estienne d’Orves-class avisos and 9 anti-submarine frigates of the Tourville and Georges Leygues courses. In November 2005 France introduced a contract of €3.5 billion for improvement and the primary eight hulls, with choices for 9 extra costing €2.95 billion break up over two tranches. Following the cancellation of the third and fourth of the Horizon-class frigates in 2005 on finances grounds, necessities for an air-defence by-product of the FREMM referred to as FREDA have been positioned. Expectations have been that the final two ships of the 17 FREMM deliberate could be constructed to FREDA specs; nonetheless, by 2008 the plan was revised down to simply 11 FREMM (9 ASW variants and a pair of FREDA variants) at a value of €8.75 billion. The 11 ships would value €670 million every in FY2014, or €860m together with improvement prices.
The 2014–2019 defence plan restated a goal of 11 frigates; of which six ASW FREMM variants could be delivered to exchange the Georges Leygues-class frigates by 2019, adopted by two anti-air variants to exchange the ageing Cassard-class frigates and a call was to have been taken in 2016 on what model the remaining three could be. In 2014, the French Navy’s Chief of Employees, Admiral Bernard Rogel, confirmed that 11 FREMM frigates had been ordered however in 2015 the order was reduce to eight with the intention to enable for the introduction of 5 FTI mid-Dimension frigates from 2024. The FTI will exchange the La Fayette class in “first-rank” roles, with three of the La Fayettes additionally being fitted with energetic sonar and different enhancements in order to increase their service life into the early 2030s. On 16 April 2021 the French Navy obtained Alsace, the primary of the 2 air defence FREMM frigates ordered.
The first function of the naval vessel is deliberate to be conducting the anti-aircraft protection of important models such because the French plane provider Charles de Gaulle and Mistral class touchdown helicopter docks. Alsace and Lorraine retain many of the armaments and sensors of their ASW sister ships throughout the FREMM class. Nonetheless, the ships have enhancements associated to air defence together with a extra highly effective Thales Herakles multi-function radar with extra transmitter modules and extra wave-forms and search modes for lengthy vary air defence. The ships additionally incorporate Sylver A50 vertical launch programs allowing them to carry each MBDA Aster 15 and/or 30 surface-to-air missiles. On the 2 AAW variants, the Sylver A70 launch programs (used for land-attack cruise missiles on the ASW variants) are eliminated to supply house for becoming double the variety of A50 cells for Aster SAMs.
Hier la frégate multimissions à capacité de défense aérienne renforcée (FREMM-DA) Lorraine a été réceptionnée.
Tout comme l’Alsace, déjà en service, elle possède des capacités de lutte similaires à celles d’une FREMM, tout en étant optimisée pour la défense anti-aérienne. pic.twitter.com/WnouID8kwV
— Marine nationale (@MarineNationale) November 17, 2022
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