The Indian Ministry of Defence has signed a Rs 1,075 crore (together with all taxes and duties) contract with Bharat Electronics Restricted for the retro-modification of Commander Sight of T90 for the Indian Military. The retro-modification will probably be carried out in 957 predominant battle tanks. The profitable indigenous growth of Thermal Imager-based Commander Sight, collectively by IRDE, DRDO and BEL, with improved efficiency than its predecessor offers an extra increase to the ‘Make in India’ initiative of the Authorities of India. It will present a fillip to indigenous protection manufacturing and open avenues for the export of such superior know-how.

The T-90 is a third-generation Russian predominant battle tank. The T-72BU was formally accepted into service in 1992 by the Russian Ministry of Defence and concurrently renamed the T-90 for advertising and marketing and propaganda functions geared toward distancing the brand new kind from present T-72 variants. The T-90 makes use of a 125 mm 2A46 smoothbore predominant gun, the 1A45T fire-control system, an upgraded engine, and the gunner’s thermal sight. Commonplace protecting measures embrace a mix of metal and composite armour, smoke grenade dischargers, Kontakt-5 explosive-reactive armour and the Shtora infrared ATGM jamming system. It was designed and constructed by Uralvagonzavod, in Nizhny Tagil, Russia.


In 2001, India bought 310 T-90S tanks from Russia, of which 124 have been delivered full and 186 have been to be assembled from kits delivered in numerous phases of completion with an emphasis on shifting manufacturing to home means. The T-90 was chosen as a result of it’s a direct growth of the T-72 that India already manufactures with 60% elements commonality with T-90, simplifying coaching and upkeep. India opted to accumulate the T-90 in response to quite a few delays within the manufacturing of its personal domestically developed Arjun predominant battle tank, and to counter Pakistani deployment of the Ukrainian-made T-80 tanks in 1995–97.

A follow-on contract, value $800 million, was signed on October 26, 2006, for an additional 330 T-90S “Bhishma” MBTs that have been to be manufactured in India by Heavy Autos Manufacturing facility at Avadi, Tamil Nadu. The T-90S Bhishma (named after the guardian warrior within the Mahabharata) is a automobile tailor-made for Indian service, enhancing upon the T-90S, and developed with help from Russia and France. The tanks are outfitted with the French Thales-built Catherine-FC thermal sights and use Russian Kontakt-5 Ok-5 explosive reactive armored plates and Kontakt-5 ERA along with the first armor which consists of laminated plates and ceramic layers with excessive tensile properties.